What is CBD?

Cannabidiol, or CBD, is one of over 100 active phytocannabinoids, or plant-derived chemical compounds, that can be extracted from either the hemp or marijuana plant. 

Since hemp is no longer a federally controlled substance (thanks to the 2018 Farm Bill), research studies are in full effect to help us better understand how CBD interacts with the human body to improve our overall health and wellness.

How Does It Work? (The Endocannabinoid System)

The Endocannabinoid System, or ECS, is made up of endocannabinoids, enzymes, and cannabinoid receptors. Just as hemp produces cannabinoids, like CBD and THC, your body produces its own endocannabinoids (“endo” - body). These are chemical messengers that bind to cannabinoid receptors found all throughout the body that help regulate many processes, such as mood, sleep, digestion, and pain perception. 

Recent studies suggest that an endocannabinoid deficiency and/or a poorly functioning ECS can result in various health complications. Scientists have discovered that CBD, THC, and other hemp-derived compounds can interact with our ECS to improve its functioning and boost the availability of our own endocannabinoids to modulate homeostasis.

What is the difference between Hemp and Marijuana?

While both hemp and marijuana fall under the subspecies, Cannabis Sativa, their cannabinoid profile is different. Hemp is abundant in CBD but contains trace amounts of THC (under the legal limit of 0.3%). Because of these trace amounts of THC, hemp does not cause intoxicating effects that are associated with marijuana consumption. Marijuana is more abundant in THC and contains lower levels of CBD. 

What is Full Spectrum CBD?

Full Spectrum means that all of the naturally occuring cannabinoids, terpenes and other compounds produced by the original hemp plant are also present in the hemp extract. The resulting product has a full cannabinoid profile that not only contains CBD, but also other therapeutic minor cannabinoids such as CBN, CBC, and CBG, and trace amounts of THC. Low concentrations of THC found in Full Spectrum products are extremely beneficial and do not cause intoxicating effects commonly associated with cannabis consumption. All of these cannabinoids work synergistically to become more effective than if the same cannabinoids were consumed or utilized separately. This phenomena is called The Entourage Effect, and it is what makes Full Spectrum CBD so powerful when compared to other types such as CBD Isolate, which contains only CBD, and Broad Spectrum CBD.

What is the difference between Full Spectrum and Broad Spectrum?

Broad Spectrum CBD is defined as hemp extract that contains most of the beneficial chemical compounds found naturally within the plant but has trace amounts of THC removed through additional processing. It is very common to see Broad Spectrum CBD products on the market that resemble more of a CBD Isolate product than a Full Spectrum product. When THC is removed, some minor cannabinoids and terpenes are removed in the process as well which alters the integrity of the original hemp extract.